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No 38
Vol. 38 No. 10
2020
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Familiarity with the ideas of thinkers provides the path for development of knowledge of their ideas in society both among the laity and the experts. The goal of the present article is the comparative study of the ideas of Abdolkarim Soroush and Mohammad Taqi Mesbah Yazdi on Islamic government. Having provided , the ideas of these two thinkers as regards Islamic government in general and also as their intellectual dispute are delineated. The most important issue in this article is that what are the ideas of these two Muslim thinkers regarding the essence and philosophy of Islamic government? We have also debated the details of their ideas in order to provide a dependable account of them. This essay is based on hermeneuetical method. Through the study, the works of Soroush and Mesbah Yazdi as regards Islamic government have been compared. The methodology is librarary based and the result shows that the ideas of these two thinkers have their origin in the same intellectual origin though they have become divided in the course of time. This article can be helpful in the analysis of the works and ideas of other Muslim thinkers on Islamic government
seyed mohsen ahmadi - abbas Salehi Najafabadi - qhasem Torabi
Keywords : Religious government, Right and duty, Hermeneutics, Democracy, Legitimacy
From the viewpoints of the followers of the Abrahamic religions according to the Qur'an and Holy book, one of the causes of the fall of natural disasters is sin. This is while the controversial hypothesis from the materialists indicates the impact of material factors on natural events and rejects the claims of the religiousists. In this paper, while reviewing these two views and explaining the non-conflict between the two theories about the cause of natural disasters, the existence of a meaningful relationship between sin and natural disasters in the Abrahamic processions was investigated and then, using quranic verses, different dimensions of this relationship were described in Islam. Is. Finally, from the point of view of Qur'an, it was proved that sin is a major non-monotheistic cause for the remediation of natural disasters and its scope is not tied to a specific time and place; however, this relationship is not subject to all sins, and in the case of the great sins of slander and unreliable sins committed to The face-off is possible. Of course, the above relation is a hindrance, and these types of punishments may be faded or postponed for reasons such as repentance, exile, and divine providence.
- h h
Keywords : Abrahamic religions, natural disasters, sin, catching, exploitation
In the Safavid era the Safavid kings encouraged poets to compose poems in the eulogy of the Prophet (PBUH) and had a negative reaction to the themes of love, thus poetry lost its boom and many poets emigrated from Iran to India and this gave rise to a new style nowadays referred to as Indian style. Orfi Shirazi is one of the first poets to play an important role in the construction and development of this style. This is a content analysis paper based on library resources. We have attempted to analyze the first one hundred lyrics of Shirazi Orfi from his book of poem to examine love in his thinking system. The results show that his lyrics are manifestations of love in the form of self-harming thoughts, expressing the hardships and pitfalls of love, the warmth of love and the burning of love, the high value of love, the mystical conduct associated with love, parting, the pain and sadness of love, the gay relationship, describing the behavioral characteristics of the lover, addressing expressions such as eye and gaze description, facial expression, lips and mouth, eyelashes, and stature.
mohsen berahmand - -
Keywords : Indian style, love, Shirazi custom, system of thought
Man is an obligated being, and the forged duties for man by God are the platform of perfection, the guarantor of human rights, and the cause of attaining the rewards of the Hereafter. In some verses of the Qur'an, difficult tasks are mentioned for the Jewish people (Baqarah / 54-Nisa '/ 160) and in Surah Al-Baqarah / 286, the Prophet of Islam asks God to remove the difficult tasks; in contrast, there are verses that speak of the ease of the task ( Baqarah / 185) and it is not obligatory for a large extent (less than the endurance) (Baqarah / 286) and in the Haraji religion (Hajj / 78). Relying on the verses of the Qur'an in a library method and with an analytical descriptive approach, this article seeks to explain the view of the Qur'an on the issue of duty and the conflict between the two categories of verses and causes difficult tasks. One of the findings of this article is that the divine duties are divided into two types: primary and criminal. The Prophet of Islam does not have it. If man inconsistencies with basic duties and transgresses God's limits, God will impose criminal duties on human beings to return to God, show servitude, remove the veils, spiritual turmoil and the example of others.
Keywords : The Qur'an, extensive, embarrassing, enduring, difficult tasks
There was no purely scientific criterion in Western Islamic studies in the form of an encyclopedia. The aims of post-colonial Western studies, the methodology, and the unbalanced pay-off of religious beliefs in Islam are sympathetic to this claim. After the Islamic Revolution, the encyclopedias compiling in Islam aims to offset the shortcomings of Western research by adopting a normative study approach and a defensive and discursive approach, pursuing Shiite and Iranian identity aspirations, such as specifying the type, amount, and citations of entries in Iranian Encycloperias, It went beyond mere encyclopedic standards and included elements such as completeness and belief motives. Investigating the distribution of references, diversity of sources and the quantity of theological entries in the encyclopedia of Islam (as a Western example) in comparison with the Encyclopedia of the World of Islam (as an Iranian example) in terms of attention to Shia intelle.ctual and cultural heritage (specifically Shiite theology and Imamiyyah elements) is significantly different. In the encyclopedia of Islam, theological entries are limited to 404 entries, while in the Encyclopedia of the World of Islam there are 749 entries, and it has concentetated on Shiite theology entries and Iranian topics, independently and extensively. Theological articles in the Encyclopedia of Islam do not refer to any Shiite sources and all references are Sunni sources, while the religious distribution of the sources in the Encyclopedia of the World of Islam does not suffer from this contradiction.
Seyyed Ahmad Hoseinzadeh - fereshteh sepehr - - Bahram Parvin Gonabadi
Keywords : Islamic Studies, Shiite Theology, The Encyclopedia of World of Islam, The Great Encyclopedia of Islam, The Encyclopedia of Islam

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