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No 29
Vol. 29 No. 8
2018
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Avicenna believes that human souls do not exist without their bodies, and then, they are created in their bodies. because if they exist without and before their bodies , they all have a single existence, but the Plurality is not permissible ;Avicenna says this because of he believes that plurality is only relates to bodies that the souls join to them and cannot relate to souls, because the souls are single and there is not any plurality in singles; the plurality is only due to the bodies in which the souls join them, but the truth It is that, divine jewelry should be Multiplied and distinct too, and the opposite will lead to impossible. The other reason for Avicenna for the occurrence is the belief in the negation of the’ principle of closure’ but, moreover, this principle is not acceptable, it does not essentially include immaterial world because it only relates to to the nature.
Faryal Eskandari - mohammad saedimehr - amirabas alizamani
Keywords : Avicenna occurrence of soul, oldness of soul, plurality of soul, the principle of closure
The origins and sources of Sufism and Islamic mysticism can not be considered independently of the above mentioned factors. Genesis way of mysticism in the early centuries can not be precise, sectarianism In specific terms, it mainly refers to the distinction ideas verbal, take into account and thus is more heresiographical journalist also mysticism primary There are no counts of the Islamic sects. However, some of the factors involved in the emergence of verbal sects and jurisprudential classifications have also played a significant role in the emergence of this trend; However, it can not be ignored by historical factors, or at least by the influence of some of the factors. In the present article, we try to point out, among the various factors, the historical appearance of Sufism and mysticism to the most important historical and social factors that have been endorsed by most mystic scholars.
Mahmud Ghayoumzadeh
Keywords : Social context, Sufism, culture, historical context
The hope of eternal life have caused people of different beliefs in life after death found that reincarnation is one of them, The idea that chronic long been discussed by proponents and its opponents. Although the idea of reincarnation in Islam and Shi'ism, especially in the area of Infallible Imams (P) has been canceled.But intellectuals and thinkers of the school of thought that is not in the open field as the founder of the school of Mulla Sadra's Transcendent Philosophy is one of them.In this article, we review the history of this human attitude, and expression of its divisions, the eyes and opinions Jkym philosopher and expert on the subject has also been discussed briefly, he has created tremendous interpretive category as far as Mulla Sadra can be comprehensive and complete this Abhas be considered.However, although traditional and practical nullity of reincarnation seems immutable, but about the impossibility of reason and effect of this theory remains room for debate
Hamid Rezania - Mohammad Hassan Motie
Keywords : Reincarnation, soul, Mulla Sadra
Hadith criticism and the sciences related to it have always been sources of different thoughts and opinions. One of the influential scholars in the field of Hadith in the contemporary age is Rashid Reza. Having a general belief in religious narratives and sayings, he provided us with criticism that goes beyond the well-known Moslem experts' criticisms of Hadith (religious leaders' sayings). Lack of Hadith scribing in the early centuries after Prophet Mohammad, spread of paraphrases for religious sayings, devising sayings (which are not quoted from the Prophet and Imams) and emphasis on textual criticism to distinguish true narratives from untrue, are some of the topics worthy of attention in his thought. Many scholars might consider Rashid Reza a Salafi scientist and one of those who belong to the Al-Quranioon. This is true but his view of the Hadith can be a taken as a balance between the Al-Quranioon's perspective and the dominant popular viewpoint towards Hadith. This article attempts at investigating Rashid Reza's principles and opinions in Hadith criticism in addition to showing the origins and intellectual and social causes of such ideas.
- Mehdi Mehrizi
Keywords : Muhammad Rashid Rida, intellectual principles, opinions, analysis, criticism
In this manuscript a few elements of Persian Principles (andisheh iranshahri) like Honesty,Kingdom Dominion,Divine Eligibility, racial purity and Justicle is broadly explained in Qaboosnameh.In the book,The king has the greatness of the sun.Everything in the region of persia is under his command.He must Bring justice to the society and cleanse persia from deceit, to build the Persian Utopia.The King must be Aryan and blessed with God’s Mercy.His mission is to Guide people to salvation in afterlife.This research has been done by Historical means, with analytical method.This research will say that Onsorolmoali has Gathered the elements of Persian Principles(Andisheh Iranshahri) from different resources such as pahlavi. He specialised the eight chapter, to anoshiravan’s advices
mohammad farhadi - Sina Forouzesh - reza shabani
Keywords : Qaboosnameh,persian principles,divine eligibility, honesty, justice

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