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No 27
Vol. 27 No. 7
2017
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Purgatory life and related issues are linked with some Islamic traditions like Tawassul, Supplication from the souls of the righteous, and Visiting the graves. With emphasizing Purgatory life of the dead, majority of Muslims also accept Hearing the voice of the living by the dead that is the base for Tawassul and supplication from the souls of the righteous. Similar opinions of Ibn Taymiyah and Wahhabism in opposition to Tawassul and supplication, are associated with Consensus of Wahhabism and its predecessors about Purgatory life. But after analysis of opinions of Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Qayyim on one hand, and Wahhabism on the other hand we see a clear difference of opinions about Purgatory life and related issues such as Hearing the voice of the living by the dead. Ibn Taymiyyah in brief, and Ibn Qayyim in detail believe in Purgatory life and Hearing the voice of the living by the dead. However Wahhabism believes in limited Purgatory life and considers Not to Hear the voice of the living by the dead as the main principle. So this question remains; How Wahhabism claims to follow Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Qayyim about the issues of Purgatory life and Hearing the voice of the living by the dead, and how Wahhabism goes beyond its predecessors and disagrees with the majority of Muslims about these issues, and even disagrees with its Sheikhs.
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Keywords : Purgatory life, Hearing the voice of the living by the dead, Ibn Taymiyyah , Ibn Qayyim , Wahhabism
The school of mysticism and Sufism consists of principles and traditions that reveal the method of behavioral way for truth seekers up in achieving to explain it. Mysticism traveling and good behavior that consist of soul-travelling and self-sense finding trends inspired from the respectful verse” In the near future We will show them Our Signs throughout the universe as well as in their own souls to prove that this Ou’ran is the truth… (Fussilt 53): and other verses and traditions whereof portions of important Persian mysticism sources of Islamic mysticism with rare matchless natural disposition of high degree of standing and ranking. In his works whether verse or prose he has glanced to soul traveling trends of the Great World (Aa’lam-e-Kabir), and self-seeking (Aa’lam-e- Sagh’ir), and he prefers self-seeking which is the study of the world detailed visage to soul seeking trends. He is of mystical persons who for truth-recognizance has also paid attention to metaphors, and regards the world creatures the signs of truth manifestation and beauty. From his point of view-pointing to substance motion- he knows all the cosmos’ constituents in continual motion and change. And his soul seeking trend continues from the phase of inanimate object to the degrees of soul and spirit and up to the arrival in the kingdom of heaven. Mo’lana in his elf-seeking trend, with a deep and influential glance, which he names it “cause of boring”, has passed through the apparent veils of creatures, and he has achieved the observance from creatures to creator, from deed to attribute, and from attribute to viewing the Supreme Being. He behind the apparent facial elements of being, and in Sufism travelling and his self-seeking trend, in the world of possibilities and constitutes has dealt with the observation of the unending and eternal beloved face
Keywords : mysticism and Sufism, self-sense traveling, soul traveling, the truth, Mo’lana  
It is beyond a shadow of a doubt that the issue of Devine knowledge is one of the most important and complicated issues in Islamic theology and philosophy. Islamic theologians and philosophers have engaged in various aspects of this issue, including how to prove and quality of that, and present different arguments. Mulla Mahdī Narāqī was one of the great figures who has discussed regarding two above-mentioned aspects of Devine knowledge and innovated new ideas. The quality and argument in favor of Devine knowledge in the view of Narāgī, are the main questions which this paper concentrate on. Analyzing several books of Narāgī, such as Jami' al-Afkār wa Nāqid al-Anzār, we came to following conclusions: First: The correct aspect of proving omniscience upon the "Any unphysical entity is thinker of itself" rule would be that any unphysical entity which stands on its essence has the capacity of perception and thinking. But actuality of thinking is subordinated to actuality of the most powerful interest between thinker and which has been thought, and that would exactly be the presence of its essence in its essence, that is knowledge by presence. Second: for the quality of omniscience, the best view would be that to make the presence of god's essence in its essence the criterion of God's detailed knowledge to all entities, even before as after creation. It is the total presence and all discovering for all entities, in their inclusion and causality. The presence of God in its essence is more powerful than the presence of entities to God.
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Keywords : Mahdi Naraghi, Theology, Innovation, Proving of Omniscience, Quality of Omniscience  
The discussion of the principles of religion or the articles of faith is one of the most important discussions among Muslim thinkers. This important concept of the principles of religion or the articles of faith has its own history among Muslims. The concept of the five articles of faith in Islam is not extant in Quran or in Hadith but has entered the works of Muslim theologians especially by the works of Mutazilites. In its early stages in the history, the concept of principles of the religion or the articles of faith was used in a general way and referred to the whole theological beliefs but later its usage has narrowed and just referred to some special theological creeds. In this period usually five items were referred to as the five principles of religion. Different theological traditions have their own principles of religion in the way that sometimes seven and even fifteen items were referred to as the principles of religion. Unlike the rationalist Mutazilites, there is no such a concept among Ash'arites or Maturidites. In this article we will survey the history of the changes the concept of the articles of faith experienced in Sunni Kalam tradition
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Keywords : Articles of faith, Islamic theology, Khawarij, Murjia, Mutazilites, Asharites, Maturidites
Each science has the method or means by which it achieves its goals, There are some sciences of a single method, like philosophy, and some are some other methods. The Science of the theology, which is responsible for explaining religious doctrines and answers to doubts, Various views have been presented on the one or more methods of theology of theology from different theological religions, For example, the Ahl al-Hadith selected the narrative method and the Mu'tazilites chose the rational method. But referring to the Qur'an shows that to explain religious teachings, we must use different methods. The author in this article will show that must use the science of the theology of all possible methods, example: narrative iIcludes Quran and Traditions, rational includes reason and even definitive philosophical principles, experimental and sensory, intuitive. This claim is in contradiction to the claims of some who regard the science of the theology as certain metaphors as quoted and experimental
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Keywords : Science of the theology, Theology, Method, rational, narrative, mystical, intuitive, sensory, factual, natural, Quran

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